One of the best ways to let readers know more about your source is to use a signal phrase signal phrases help readers “move from your own words to the words of a source without feeling a jolt” (hacker 406) a writer uses signal phrases to avoid dropped quotations, smoothly leading the reader into the source's ideas. In all, choose your source information wisely, space it out in the essay, and emphasize your own thoughts where to use source information when thinking about where to integrate your sources, aim to work your information into your own writing smoothly the whole essay should read like one piece of work with one. Evidence—the facts and quotations you extract from your sources—is the foundation of historical writing sometimes students imagine that quotations are to be plugged into to the essay after-the-fact, to support conclusions they've already arrived at in reality, however integrating quotations part i. In the sciences, this might be data retrieved from an experiment or a scientific journal article in the humanities, it may be a quotation from the text, published information from academic critics, or a theory that supports your claims evidence can be separated into two categories, primary and secondary sources. In the poem “imma let you integrate quotations” by melvin middleschool-writer, it talks about a writing style that wastes words “those long quotations, dropping awkward into the essay / hijack your thoughts / like a kanye who graciously accepts a microphone from taylor swift / so he can confidently mansplain it all.
Take notes from your secondary sources in point form and then restate the ideas using sentences and words of your own although using computers and the internet makes it easy, cutting and pasting the exact words from a web site into your essay is. You must credit the source of the information you have incorporated into your paper or project, whether it is a direct quotation or a paraphrase or a summary, and drop quotations into your essay blend the quotations and paraphrases into the essay with your own words, making sure the results are grammatically correct. Whether you are referencing a primary text from your class or a secondary text that supports your argument, sources lend credibility to your ideas and give your reader the impression that you are trustworthy knowledgeable this integration of a source is meant to demonstrate you are familiar with an author's central ideas.
What are primary and secondary sources a primary source is a source that you are analyzing as the writer in other words, there is no mediary between you and the text you are the one doing the analysis some examples of primary sources: - the novel frankenstein (which you are analyzing for an essay. .
Deliberately incorporating the work of other people into your own writing without using documentation to credit those sources being unaware of what information that you gain through a secondary source and use as support in your paper in the form of quotes continue the pagination as part of the essay (ie your. Depending on the context, the same item could be either a primary or a secondary source: if i am writing about people's relationships with animals, a collection of stories about animals might be a secondary source if i am writing about how editors gather diverse stories into collections, the same book might now function as a. Center for writing excellence, una august 2012 integrating secondary sources collecting the right kind of research can be difficult, but putting it into a research paper can prove even more challenging this chart explains the four types of source integration and how they are used what do you want to convey. In this instance, the eliot essay written about the play hamlet becomes a primary source document, telling you about the poet and critic ts eliot tertiary sources tertiary sources organize, summarize, and condense secondary sources of information most reference books fit into this category tertiary sources an example.
At last, you are ready to begin writing the rough draft of your research paper putting your thinking and research into words is exciting it can also be challenging in this section, you will learn strategies for handling the more challenging aspects of writing a research paper, such as integrating material from your sources, citing. The third step in the process is the integration of a careful selection of primary and secondary sources into the essay this process becomes easier if you have the structure of your essay in place so that you know where each source should be integrated it is in your best interests to note down which parts of the source you. As you progress through the course your competencies as a reader and critic will be expanded by your looking at how others analyse and understand literature, and you will be better able to enter into literary discussion and debate when you are selecting secondary texts to consult in writing your essay, it can be helpful to.